JAMB (Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board) is a Nigerian entrance examination board that is responsible for conducting and administering entrance examinations for admission into tertiary institutions in the country. The board was established in 1978, and since then, it has been the only recognized entrance examination board in Nigeria. Many Nigerian students aspire to pass the JAMB examination and secure admission into their desired tertiary institution. However, there is a limit to the number of times a candidate can write the JAMB examination. In this article, we will explore the question of how many times a candidate can write JAMB, including the JAMB policies, procedures, and regulations governing the examination.
JAMB Policies and Regulations
The JAMB policies and regulations are the guidelines that govern the conduct of the examination, including the eligibility criteria, the registration process, the examination format, and the results. The policies and regulations are designed to ensure that the examination is conducted in a fair and transparent manner and that the candidates are evaluated based on their merit and performance.
The JAMB eligibility criteria specify the minimum requirements that candidates must meet to be eligible to sit for the examination. The criteria are as follows:
- Age: Candidates must be at least 16 years old to be eligible to sit for the examination.
- Nationality: Candidates must be citizens of Nigeria or have the legal right to reside and study in Nigeria.
- Education: Candidates must have completed their secondary education and possess a minimum of five (5) credits in relevant subjects, including Mathematics and English Language.
The JAMB registration process is conducted online and involves the following steps:
- Creation of Profile: Candidates are required to create a JAMB profile on the official JAMB website (www.jamb.gov.ng) by providing their personal details, including their name, email address, phone number, and date of birth.
- Payment of Registration Fee: Candidates are required to pay the JAMB registration fee, which is currently set at N3,500, through the JAMB portal or designated bank.
- Choice of Institution and Course: Candidates are required to select their preferred institution and course of study.
- Capture of Biometric Data: Candidates are required to visit an authorized JAMB registration center to have their biometric data captured, including fingerprints and facial image.
- Printing of Registration Slip: Candidates are required to print their JAMB registration slip, which contains their examination details, including date, time, and venue.
The JAMB examination format is designed to evaluate the candidates’ knowledge and aptitude in four subjects, namely English Language, Mathematics, and two other subjects relevant to the candidate’s preferred course of study. The examination consists of 180 multiple-choice questions, with each subject having 60 questions. The duration of the examination is three hours, and the questions are scored on a scale of 0 to 400.
The JAMB results are released a few weeks after the examination and can be accessed through the JAMB portal using the candidate’s registration number. The results are graded on a scale of 0 to 400, and the minimum cut-off mark for admission into Nigerian universities is usually set at 180.
How Many Times Can One Write JAMB?
Now that we have discussed the JAMB policies and regulations, let us explore the question of how many times a candidate can write the JAMB examination.
According to the JAMB policy, a candidate can only write the JAMB examination once in a year. This means that if a candidate fails the examination or is not satisfied with their score, they will have to wait until the following year to retake the examination. However, there are exceptions to this rule.
For instance, candidates who were unable to register or complete the examination due to circumstances beyond their control, such as illness or technical issues, can apply for a re-scheduling of the examination. In such cases, the candidate will be allowed to take the examination again within the same year.
Additionally, candidates who have been offered admission into a tertiary institution but were unable to accept the offer due to circumstances beyond their control, such as financial difficulties or health issues, can apply for a change of institution or course. In such cases, the candidate will be allowed to sit for the JAMB examination again within the same year.
However, it is important to note that these exceptions are granted at the discretion of the JAMB board and are subject to certain conditions and requirements. For instance, candidates applying for a re-scheduling of the examination must provide valid evidence of their inability to register or complete the examination, such as a medical report or an affidavit. Similarly, candidates applying for a change of institution or course must meet the eligibility criteria and provide valid evidence of their circumstances.
Consequences of Multiple Attempts
While the JAMB policy allows for exceptions to the one-year rule, it is generally advisable for candidates to prepare adequately for the examination and aim to pass it in one sitting. This is because multiple attempts at the examination can have several consequences, including:
- Waste of Time and Resources: Multiple attempts at the JAMB examination can result in a waste of time and resources, as the candidate will have to repeat the registration and preparation process each time.
- Reduced Confidence and Motivation: Failing the JAMB examination multiple times can reduce the candidate’s confidence and motivation, as they may begin to feel discouraged and demotivated.
- Stigmatization: Multiple attempts at the JAMB examination can also lead to stigmatization, as some people may view the candidate as incompetent or unserious.
Tips for Passing the JAMB Examination
To increase their chances of passing the JAMB examination in one sitting, candidates can follow these tips:
- Start Early: It is advisable to start preparing for the JAMB examination early, as this will give the candidate enough time to cover the syllabus and practice past questions.
- Study Smart: Candidates should focus on understanding the concepts and principles of each subject, rather than just memorizing facts and figures.
- Practice Past Questions: Practicing past questions is an effective way to prepare for the JAMB examination, as it helps the candidate to familiarize themselves with the examination format and style.
- Seek Help: Candidates who are struggling with certain topics or subjects can seek help from their teachers, tutors, or classmates.
- Stay Motivated: It is important for candidates to stay motivated and focused on their goal of passing the JAMB examination, even in the face of challenges and setbacks.
In conclusion, the JAMB examination is an important gateway for Nigerian students to gain admission into tertiary institutions in the country. While the policy allows for exceptions to the one-year rule, it is generally advisable for candidates to prepare adequately for the examination and aim to pass it in one sitting. Multiple attempts at the examination can result in a waste of time and resources, reduced confidence and motivation, and stigmatization. By following the tips outlined in this article, candidates can increase their chances of passing the JAMB examination in one sitting and achieving their academic goals